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Gender and Representation in Latin America$
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Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190851224

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190851224.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 27 January 2022

Women in Legislatures

Women in Legislatures

Gender, Institutions, and Democracy

(p.56) 4 Women in Legislatures
Gender and Representation in Latin America

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Santiago Alles

Oxford University Press

Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer and Santiago Alles argue that the influx of women into Latin American legislatures has been substantial, but once in office, women have struggled to attain full access to political power. They present a statistical analysis that shows that the main explanations for variation in women’s representation lie with gender quotas and party system fragmentation. They show that women in national legislatures have brought women’s issues to the legislative arena, and they provide a new analysis showing that female legislators are more supportive of liberal gender equality, abortion, and divorce laws. However, they argue that women have not gained access to diverse committee leadership posts or served in top chamber leadership posts to the same extent as men. Finally, they show that the presence of women in legislatures has had important effects on citizen support for female political leaders, political engagement and participation, and supportiveness of representative democracy.

Keywords:   Latin American legislatures, women legislators, gender equality, abortion laws, divorce laws, representative democracy

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