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Gender and Representation in Latin America$
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Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190851224

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190851224.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 07 December 2021

Women in Political Parties

Women in Political Parties

Seen But Not Heard

(p.74) 5 Women in Political Parties
Gender and Representation in Latin America

Jana Morgan

Magda Hinojosa

Oxford University Press

Jana Morgan and Magda Hinojosa examine women’s representation within parties as leaders, candidates, and officeholders and find that these positions are increasingly accessible to women. They argue that candidate selection procedures are important for women’s presence within parties, while gender quotas and ideology matter less than we might expect. They also evaluate whether parties advocate for women’s issues or employ strategies to articulate women’s concerns. They find that even as descriptive representation has advanced, parties rarely offer substantive linkages for women. As a result, women are less likely to identify with parties than men. To improve women’s descriptive representation in parties, they argue for better candidate selection processes, candidate training programs, and increased state funding for female candidates. To advance substantive representation, they advocate for parties to craft policy and organizational ties with women and to align gender issues with existing partisan divides, thereby integrating rather than isolating gender issues.

Keywords:   Latin American politics, gender inequality, party ideology, party leadership, gender quotas, women in politics

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