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Gender and Representation in Latin America$
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Leslie A. Schwindt-Bayer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190851224

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190851224.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 24 October 2021

Parity without Equality

Parity without Equality

Women’s Political Representation in Costa Rica

Chapter:
(p.156) 9 Parity without Equality
Source:
Gender and Representation in Latin America
Author(s):

Jennifer M. Piscopo

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190851224.003.0009

Jennifer M. Piscopo examines how the crisis of representation in Costa Rica has placed a ceiling on gender equality in representation. The restructuring of the Costa Rican party system and party fragmentation has made electing multiple candidates from any one ballot more difficult. Top spots have become even more prestigious and more likely to be allocated to men, which reduces women’s electoral chances. Corruption scandals, party breakdown, citizen frustration, and economic problems tainted the administration of the nation’s first female president, Laura Chinchilla. Female legislators have often worked to promote women’s issues and feminist policies, but Chinchilla eschewed feminism, even though several of her policies did benefit women. Overall, her failed presidency may create difficulties for other women seeking top political offices and could have negative consequences for views of women in politics. These challenges notwithstanding, Piscopo concludes that Costa Rica remains at the vanguard of women’s political representation in Latin America.

Keywords:   Costa Rica, women in politics, Laura Chinchilla, political gender equality, Latin American politics

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