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Islam after Liberalism$
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Faisal Devji and Zaheer Kazmi

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190851279

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190851279.001.0001

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Bourgeois Islam and Muslims Without Mosques

Bourgeois Islam and Muslims Without Mosques

Muslim Liberalism and Its Discontents in Indonesia

(p.167) 8 Bourgeois Islam and Muslims Without Mosques
Islam after Liberalism

Carool Kersten

Oxford University Press

Within the context of Indonesia’s encounters with liberalism in late colonial and postcolonial times, this chapter examines Muslim discourses that are critical of both Western liberal ideology and its Islamist detractors. After problematizing the existing categories of Islamic neo-modernism, Liberal Islam, and Islamic liberalism, the chapter focuses on alternative discourses formulated by Muslim intellectuals from both traditionalist and modernist-reformist Islamic backgrounds during the Reformasi era when Indonesia transitioned from a military autocracy to a democratic system of governance. Islamic Post-Traditionalists draws on poststructuralism and postcolonial theory to offer an emancipatory trajectory for Indonesian Muslims in the twenty-first century, while modernist-reformist intellectuals have drawn on the social sciences to develop a new paradigm referred to as Transformative Islam. Instead of presenting sweeping ideas, this younger generation is more concerned with translating new regimes of knowledge into applied thinking about concrete issues, such as democratization, development, justice and battling corruption.

Keywords:   Bourgeois Islam, Indonesia, Islamic neo-modernism, Western liberal ideology, Liberal Islam, Islamic liberalism, Reformasi, Islamic Post-Traditionalists, Transformative Islam

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