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Al-Qaeda 2.0A Critical Reader$
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Donald Holbrook

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190856441

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190856441.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 March 2021

The Islamic Spring, Part 2

The Islamic Spring, Part 2

September 2015

By Ayman al-Zawahiri

(p.203) The Islamic Spring, Part 2
Al-Qaeda 2.0
Donald Holbrook

Cerwyn Moore

Oxford University Press

In the second part of the series on the ‘Islamic Spring’, and following a traditional division between ‘far’ and ‘near’ enemies, Zawahiri separates the ‘internal’ struggle in Syria, Iraq and neighboring regions from the external battle targeting Western heretics. Echoing the laissez-faire approach to violence adopted by IS, albeit within the boundaries of legitimate targeting, Zawahiri urges followers to carry out improvised attacks using whatever means are at their disposal, whilst warning believers that if they do transgress and commit sin the fact that they were following orders will not absolve them when it comes to answering for their deeds in front of God.

Keywords:   Ayman al-Zawahiri, Al-Qaeda, Syria, Iraq, Islamic world, Islamic State, ISIS

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