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India Turns EastInternational Engagement and US-China Rivalry$
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Frédéric Grare

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190859336

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2017

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190859336.001.0001

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Southeast Asia in India’s Defense Strategy

Southeast Asia in India’s Defense Strategy

Filling Up the Strategic Space

(p.69) 3 Southeast Asia in India’s Defense Strategy
India Turns East

Frédéric Grare

Oxford University Press

India’s defence interactions with Southeast Asia were formed by the uncertain strategic configuration emerging in Asia at the end of the Cold War. India’s defence interactions with Southeast Asia were the outcome of the uncertain strategic configuration which emerged in Asia at the end of the Cold War. Additionally, asAs India’s economic interaction with the region grew, so did the need to protect its line of communication through Southeast Asia. Two sets of strategic strategy drive India’s defence interactions in Southeast Asia: the perceived imperative to be the predominant power in the Bay of Bengal and Andaman Sea, which borders Southeast Asia and the willingness to assume a greater strategic role in Southeast Asia and the West-Pacific Ocean. Practically, however, India’s defence engagements have been defined by availability of strategical partners and the level of political trust between New Delhi and concerned countries, In practical terms however India’s defence engagements in the region have been defined by the availability of strategically meaningful partners and the level of political trust between New Delhi and each of the concerned countries, generating a hierarchy of partnership dominated by Singapore. This uneven development of India’s defence collaboration with Southeast Asia is partly mitigated by India’s participation in ASEAN’s consensus based multilateral fora, ARF and ADMM+., which consensus based approach and non-binding character make India’s favourite instrument in the region.

Keywords:   India Defence Interactions, Southeast Asia, Bay of Bengal, Andaman Sea, West Pacific Ocean, Relations with Singapore, Relations with Vietnam, Relations with Indonesia, ASEAN regional Forum (ARF), ASEAN Defence Ministers Meeting Plus (ADMM+), ASEAN’s centrality

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