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Great Power RisingTheodore Roosevelt and the Politics of U.S. Foreign Policy$
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John M. Thompson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190859954

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190859954.001.0001

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Panic-Struck Senators, Businessmen, and Everybody Else

Panic-Struck Senators, Businessmen, and Everybody Else

Colombia, Panama, and the Canal Route, 1902–1904

Chapter:
(p.51) 3 Panic-Struck Senators, Businessmen, and Everybody Else
Source:
Great Power Rising
Author(s):

John M. Thompson

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190859954.003.0004

Chapter 3 explores TR’s decision in late 1903 to encourage and support Panama’s secession from Colombia, in order to secure a site for the future Panama Canal, and the subsequent debate regarding the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty. It examines how he and his allies overcame substantial criticism to harness public support for the treaty, and the extent to which concerns about domestic political implications influenced his handling of relations with Bogotá. The intervention occurred against the backdrop of the upcoming 1904 election, with TR facing dissent from anti-imperialists, conservative Republicans, including the influential Ohio senator Mark Hanna, and Democrats who hoped that the controversy would damage the president’s political standing.

Keywords:   Colombia, Panama, Mark Hanna, Panama Canal, Democratic Party, Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty, anti-imperialist

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