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Great Power RisingTheodore Roosevelt and the Politics of U.S. Foreign Policy$
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John M. Thompson

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190859954

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190859954.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 December 2021

Triumphs and Setbacks

Triumphs and Setbacks

The Roosevelt Corollary, the 1904 Election, and the Dominican Intervention

(p.77) 4 Triumphs and Setbacks
Great Power Rising

John M. Thompson

Oxford University Press

Chapter 4 examines TR’s attempt to implement the Roosevelt Corollary in the Dominican Republic. Roosevelt avoided acting in 1904 in order to avoid any controversy that might harm his prospects in the upcoming election, and his actions after the election continued to be affected by resistance in Congress and the press. Many Republicans and Democrats were critical of an accord that arranged for the United States to take control of Dominican custom houses, the Dillingham-Morales agreement, and opposed efforts by the Roosevelt administration to secure ratification by the Senate. This confrontation occurred amid tension between TR and conservative, Republicans as well as growing concerns about TR’s expansion of the powers of the presidency. The chapter argues that this episode reinforced the president’s belief that the public could be a vital counterweight to elite opinion and Congress and that skilled political leadership was essential for an effective foreign policy.

Keywords:   Roosevelt Corollary, Dominican Republic, Congress, Dillingham-Morales agreement, 1904 election, mass public opinion, presidential leadership

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