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The Sit RoomIn the Theater of War and Peace$
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David Scheffer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190860639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190860639.001.0001

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Shattered Plans 1993

Shattered Plans 1993

(p.1) 1 Shattered Plans 1993
The Sit Room

David Scheffer

Oxford University Press

The year 1993 never got close to a peaceful settlement of the Balkans conflict despite the United Nations, European, and American attempts to achieve one. The siege of Sarajevo had begun in 1992 immediately after the declaration of independence of Bosnia-Herzegovina. By the end of 1993, a military stalemate persisted in Bosnia as the diplomatic challenge limped along. President Bill Clinton’s cabinet of national security leaders—the Principals Committee—gathered in the Situation Room for the first time on January 28, 1993, and dealt exclusively with the situation in Bosnia. In April 1993, U.S. Permanent Representative to the United Nations Madeleine Albright, delivered a memorandum to the national security adviser recommending use of American air power. The recommendation failed to attract sufficient support, and further diplomatic efforts to end the war also failed. “Assertive multilateralism” took a beating in Situation Room discussions as 1993 wore on.

Keywords:   UNPROFOR, Principals, Warren Christopher, Tony Lake, Colin Powell, NATO, Madeleine Albright, Vance-Owen peace plan, Deputies, assertive multilateralism

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