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The Sit RoomIn the Theater of War and Peace$
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David Scheffer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190860639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190860639.001.0001

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Ethnic Cleansing Wins 1994

Ethnic Cleansing Wins 1994

2 Ethnic Cleansing Wins 1994
The Sit Room

David Scheffer

Oxford University Press

During 1994, tactics in the Situation Room over America’s role in the Balkans were plagued by procrastination, fear of the unknown, and a futile search for alternatives to bold action. A 1994 journey by the author and Madeleine Albright to the region demonstrated the difficulties in coordinating U.S. policy with the United Nations and U.S. allies. The February 5, 1994, mortar attack on Markale marketplace in Sarajevo ignited a long process of efforts to bring the war to an end. The Federation of Bosniaks and Bosnian Croats united against the Bosnian Serbs. Goražde became the next battleground of Bosnian Serb pressure to capitulate, but NATO support for its security held firm. Debates in the Situation Room ended with endorsements of the status quo. Bosnian Serbs rejected the peace effort, and all slid back into war. The fate of UNPROFOR, the U.N. peacekeeping force, also dominated discussions in the Situation Room.

Keywords:   Markale marketplace, Richard Holbrooke, Goražde, UNPROFOR, NATO, Principals, Deputies, Madeleine Albright, Tony Lake, William Perry

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