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The Sit RoomIn the Theater of War and Peace$
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David Scheffer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190860639

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190860639.001.0001

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To Stay or Not to Stay January–June 1995

To Stay or Not to Stay January–June 1995

Chapter:
(p.109) 3 To Stay or Not to Stay January–June 1995
Source:
The Sit Room
Author(s):

David Scheffer

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190860639.003.0005

The four-month cessation of hostilities agreement took effect in January 1995. There was tension between expanding UNPROFOR and the UNPROFOR withdrawal option known as OPLAN 40104. The Deputies and Principals spent early 1995 focused on Croatia and the intentions of Croatian President Franjo Tudjman. The costs of UNPROFOR and OPLAN 40104 seized some Situation Room discussions. Serbian President Slobodan Milošević finally refused to mutually recognize Croatia and Bosnia and Herzegovina as steps toward a peace deal. The Principals decided in March 1995 to maintain diplomatic engagement and provision of humanitarian relief, keep UNPROFOR deployed in Bosnia and Croatia, and take measures to contain the conflict. Washington continued to support the Bosnian government’s goal of a political settlement consistent with the Contact Group proposal but seek to lower public expectations of immediate success and avoid any illusion that the United States or NATO would intervene militarily on behalf of the Bosniaks.

Keywords:   UNPROFOR, OPLAN 40104, Slobodan Milošević, Richard Holbrooke, Franjo Tudjman, Chris Hill, Haris Silajdžić, Walter Slocombe, Madeleine Albright, Robert Frasure

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