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Rentier IslamismThe Influence of the Muslim Brotherhood in Gulf Monarchies$
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Courtney Freer

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190861995

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190861995.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 15 April 2021

Education and Influence

Education and Influence

Origins of Rentier Islamism

(p.45) 4 Education and Influence
Rentier Islamism

Courtney Freer

Oxford University Press

This chapter, the first featuring original empirical data, covers the foundational periods of Brotherhood branches in the Gulf, ranging from the 1951 establishment of the Kuwaiti Muslim Brotherhood to the 1975 creation of the Qatari Ikhwan. The chapter carefully examines the agendas of these groups and traces the degree of popular support they received in their initial years. It highlights in particular the role Brotherhood groups played in developing the education sectors of the smaller Gulf states in their early years. It also critically demonstrates that, though they share similar demographic, economic, and political profiles, Kuwait, Qatar, and the UAE house different types of Brotherhood movements. The Kuwaiti Ikhwan managed to use its social standing to become a major political force, while the Qatari Brotherhood never expanded beyond the social sector. Meanwhile, the Emirati Brotherhood remained somewhat segmented, despite initially enjoying a solid relationship with the ruling elite.

Keywords:   Gulf history, Arab nationalism, Muslim Brotherhood, Islamism, rentierism, political history, education policy

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