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The Fight Against DoubtHow to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public$
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Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190869229

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190869229.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 16 January 2022

Imposing Unfair Risks

Imposing Unfair Risks

5 Imposing Unfair Risks
The Fight Against Doubt

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín

Kristen Intemann

Oxford University Press

This chapters evaluates whether inductive risks judgments can serve as a reliable criterion to identify normatively inappropriate dissent (NID). Dissent that calls for rejecting certain consensus views related to public policy can be risky. When consensus views are mistakenly rejected, it can have serious consequences for public health and well-being. These risks may not be worth taking when the risks disproportionately fall on the public, or when the dissent in question fails to conform to widely shared standards of good science. It concludes that this account also fails to offer a criterion to reliably identify NID. In part this is because of the difficulties presented by the criterion of shared standards in science. Also, the ambiguities present in judgments about inductive risks lead to serious problems in practice.

Keywords:   inductive risk, climate change, climate change skepticism, shared standard, genetically modified product, public risk, producer risk, epistemically detrimental dissent, conflict of interest, normatively inappropriate dissent

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