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The Fight Against DoubtHow to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public$
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Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190869229

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190869229.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 December 2021

Dealing with Normatively Inappropriate Dissent

Dealing with Normatively Inappropriate Dissent

6 Dealing with Normatively Inappropriate Dissent
The Fight Against Doubt

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín

Kristen Intemann

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers whether the reliable identification of normatively inappropriate dissent (NID) would be helpful in addressing many of the adverse epistemic and social impacts that can result from it. It considers a variety of ways in which such identification could be used to minimize the epistemic and social damages that NID can inflict, including prohibiting the dissent in question, targeting it for special scrutiny, placing limits on scientists’ epistemic obligations, guiding public beliefs, emphasizing the existence of a consensus, and discrediting dissenters. It shows that although some of these strategies could be useful, others are unhelpful in limiting the negative impacts of NID, and may even exacerbate them or generate other equally serious problems.

Keywords:   normatively inappropriate dissent, prohibition, targeting dissent, discrediting dissenters, consensus, climate change, skepticism, epistemic obligation

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