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The Fight Against DoubtHow to Bridge the Gap Between Scientists and the Public$
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Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190869229

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190869229.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 30 November 2021

Values in Science and the Erosion of Trust

Values in Science and the Erosion of Trust

Chapter:
9 Values in Science and the Erosion of Trust
Source:
The Fight Against Doubt
Author(s):

Inmaculada de Melo-Martín

Kristen Intemann

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190869229.003.0009

This chapter considers another factor that plays a role in eroding the public’s trust in science: concerns about the negative influence of nonepistemic values in science, particularly in controversial areas of inquiry with important effects on public policy. It shows that the credibility of scientists can be undermined when the public perceives that scientists have a political agenda or will be biased by their own personal or political values. However, to assume that the best way to address this problem is try to eliminate such values from science altogether would be a mistake. Ethical and social values are necessary and important to knowledge production. Consequently, the chapter explores alternative strategies to increase transparency and stakeholder involvement so as to address legitimate concerns about bias and sustain warranted trust in scientific communities.

Keywords:   values in science, politicization, epistemic trust, research integrity, bias, conflict of interest, climate change, vaccine skepticism, genetically modified product, value-free ideal

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