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Uncertainty – How It Makes Science Advance - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Uncertainty: How It Makes Science Advance

Kostas Kampourakis and Kevin McCain


Scientific knowledge is the most solid and robust kind of knowledge that humans have because of its inherent self-correcting character. Nevertheless, anti-evolutionists, climate denialists, and anti-vaxxers, among others, question some of the best-established scientific findings, making claims unsupported by empirical evidence. A common aspect of these claims is reference to the uncertainties of science concerning evolution, climate change, vaccination, and so on. This is inaccurate: whereas the broad picture is clear, there will always exist uncertainties about the details of the respective p ... More

Keywords: uncertainty, risk, certainty, climate change, human evolution, genetic testing, vaccination, forensic science, scientific understanding, scientific knowledge

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190871666
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190871666.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Kostas Kampourakis, author
Researcher, University of Geneva

Kevin McCain, author
Associate Professor of Philosophy, University of Alabama at Birmingham