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Refuge beyond ReachHow Rich Democracies Repel Asylum Seekers$
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David Scott FitzGerald

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190874155

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190874155.001.0001

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The Euro-Moat

The Euro-Moat

(p.192) Chapter 9 The Euro-Moat
Refuge beyond Reach

David Scott FitzGerald

Oxford University Press

European governments acting alone and collectively through Frontex and NATO are intercepting asylum seekers and other migrants far from their shores. Patrolling the moat is tightly linked to buffering. In lieu of offshore processing, European governments collaborate with coastal states in North Africa, Albania, and Turkey to prevent departures and accept readmission of people intercepted at sea. The weakness of coastal states’ control capacity has then led European governments to drive further inland and build expanding rings of land buffers around the moat. The modest constraints on Europe’s moat strategy are the supranational judiciary and monitoring of conditions at sea and in coastal buffer states by NGOs, investigative journalists, and the UNHCR.

Keywords:   Frontex, pushback, Libya, Hirsi, people smuggling, search and rescue, EU-Turkey agreement, offshore processing, Lampedusa

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