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Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice SystemDefinitions, Theory, and Eyewitness Research$
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Joanna Pozzulo, Emily Pica, and Chelsea Sheahan

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190874810

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: November 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190874810.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 02 December 2021

Defining Familiarity and Overview of Concepts

Defining Familiarity and Overview of Concepts

(p.1) 1 Defining Familiarity and Overview of Concepts
Familiarity and Conviction in the Criminal Justice System

Joanna Pozzulo

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the familiarity construct, current definitions of familiarity in the field, as well as real-life cases in which the defendant was considered familiar to the eyewitness/victim. The current dictionary definition of familiarity is discussed in comparison to how people subjectively perceive familiarity. Differing definitions and considerations of how familiarity may be operationalized are considered and discussed thoroughly in this chapter—for example, subjective feelings of familiarity, prior exposure to an individual, length of exposure, celebrity status and feelings of familiarity, yearbooks, personal interaction and its role in familiarity, and revealing personal information about one’s self. The chapter concludes with summaries of real-life cases involving a familiar-stranger and provides a suggestion for why familiarity has been ignored in the eyewitness literature.

Keywords:   familiarity, exposure, interactions, personal information, real-life cases

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