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Exploring Nanosyntax$
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Lena Baunaz, Liliane Haegeman, Karen De Clercq, and Eric Lander

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190876746

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190876746.001.0001

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Complex Left Branches, Spellout, and Prefixes

Complex Left Branches, Spellout, and Prefixes

(p.239) Chapter 9 Complex Left Branches, Spellout, and Prefixes
Exploring Nanosyntax

Michal Starke

Oxford University Press

Higher-function words such as complementizers, negation, functional prepositions, definiteness particles, comparative markers, and so forth, occurring to the left of their lexical category, are argued to be base-generated as complex left branches, rather than spelling out the main functional sequence. This is generalized to all (base-generated) pre-asymmetries and post-asymmetries and derived from the structure of the lexical entries of the function words, dispensing with idiosyncratic notational devices equivalent to [+ suffix] or [+ needs-to-move]. These complex left branches require a merge-XP operation, and the place of this operation in the algorithm of spellout-driven movement is discussed.

Keywords:   prefix, specifier, function word, phrasal spellout, nanosyntax, antisymmetry, multiple workspaces, spellout algorithm

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