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Elite Art WorldsPhilanthropy, Latin Americanism, and Avant-garde Music$
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Eduardo Herrera

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190877538

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190877538.001.0001

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The Rockefeller Foundation and Latin American Music in the 1950s and 1960s

The Rockefeller Foundation and Latin American Music in the 1950s and 1960s

(p.61) 3 The Rockefeller Foundation and Latin American Music in the 1950s and 1960s
Elite Art Worlds

Eduardo Herrera

Oxford University Press

This chapter focuses on the dynamics and overlaps between the history of CLAEM and U.S. philanthropy, cultural diplomacy, and foreign policy during the 1950s and 1960s, decades shaped by the Cold War and the Cuban Revolution. By tracing the constitutive networks that led to the initial CLAEM grant, this chapter seeks to destabilize the concept of philanthropy as a preexisting third force between the public and private sectors. Instead, it argues for its examination as an emerging domain that results from complex entanglements, webs of relations and ideas, all being mediated and enacted as the result of human, institutional, discursive, and material actors. The chapter argues that CLAEM was one of the most successful projects in the arts supported by the Rockefeller Foundation during the 20th century and that few if any had such broad repercussions in the musical scene of a whole region.

Keywords:   CLAEM, cultural diplomacy, philanthropy, foreign policy, Rockefeller Foundation, Di Tella family, OIAA, Nelson Rockefeller, David Rockefeller, John P. Harrison

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