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Evidence-Based Practices in Deaf Education$
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Harry Knoors and Marc Marschark

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190880545

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190880545.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 23 January 2022

Thinking in Action and Beyond

Thinking in Action and Beyond

(p.283) 13 Thinking in Action and Beyond
Evidence-Based Practices in Deaf Education

Terezinha Nunes

Oxford University Press

Before children learn to use language, they learn about the world in action and by imitation. This learning provides the basis for language acquisition. Learning by imitation and thinking in action continue to be significant throughout life. Mathematical concepts are grounded in children’s schemas of action, which are action patterns that represent a logical organization that can be applied to different objects. This chapter describes some of the conditions that allow deaf or hard-of-hearing (DHH) children to learn by imitation and use schemas of action successfully to solve mathematical problems. Three examples of concepts that can be taught by observation and thinking in action are presented: the inverse relation between addition and subtraction, the concepts necessary for learning to write numbers, and multiplicative reasoning. There is sufficient knowledge for the use of teaching approaches that can prevent DHH children from falling behind before they start school.

Keywords:   early mathematics learning, mathematical schemas of action, learning by imitation, observational learning, learning to write numbers, mathematics

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