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Defense of the Scientific HypothesisFrom Reproducibility Crisis to Big Data$
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Bradley E. Alger

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190881481

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190881481.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 30 June 2022

The Hypothesis in Science Education

The Hypothesis in Science Education

(p.329) 13 The Hypothesis in Science Education
Defense of the Scientific Hypothesis

Bradley E. Alger

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents a wide though unsystematic review of formal educational resources of information about the hypothesis, at levels from grade school through to professional science. The focus in the early school years is on the Next Generation Science Standards, intended to be a national norm for science teachers, as well as two commercial programs meant to guide science teaching. At the college level, several books on critical thinking are briefly analyzed, although the emphasis is on a popular textbook that is designed to teach how to think scientifically. The chapter points up several possible adverse influences on public perceptions of science, including views on topics ranging from astrology to global climate change, that could arise from misapprehensions about the nature of science that are fostered by many of these sources. Finally, attention turns to the websites of the National Institutes of Health and the National Science Foundation to sample resources available to professional scientists. In general, the information concerning the scientific hypothesis across all of these sources was inconsistent in depth, detail, and accuracy. The chapter offers a number of suggestions for improving science education in this area.

Keywords:   national science standards, fault words, marginal science, pseudo-science, Understanding Scientific Reasoning, Giere, Bickle, Mauldin, black-box thinking, Matthew Syed

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