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Tax, Inequality, and Human Rights$
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Philip G. Alston and Nikki R. Reisch

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190882228

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190882228.001.0001

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Transparency, Tax, and Human Rights

Transparency, Tax, and Human Rights

(p.237) Chapter 10 Transparency, Tax, and Human Rights
Tax, Inequality, and Human Rights

Miranda Stewart

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores tax transparency in the context of previous governmental, private, and civil society initiatives about transparency of the last thirty years. There has been a particular focus on transparency as a mechanism to enforce taxation of large multinational enterprises (MNEs) and to ensure tax compliance by high wealth individuals, with a specific goal of addressing tax avoidance and evasion especially through the hiding by such taxpayers of income and assets in tax havens. In addition to the promotion of transparency as a key strategy for global tax enforcement, transparency has also been aimed variously at ending corruption and abuse of power by private and public agents or entities; disciplining the fiscal actions and processes of governments by constraining spending or reducing taxes; strengthening financial and other markets; building participatory democracy; protecting human rights; supporting economic development and good governance in general; and ensuring compliance with environmental and other global policies.

Keywords:   tax transparency, taxation, multinational enterprises, tax compliance, tax avoidance, tax evasion, tax havens, global tax enforcement, human rights, taxpayers

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