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Resource and Environmental ManagementThird Edition$
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Bruce Mitchell

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190885816

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190885816.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 02 July 2022

Monitoring and Evaluation

Monitoring and Evaluation

(p.299) Chapter 11 Monitoring and Evaluation
Resource and Environmental Management

Bruce Mitchell

Oxford University Press

To improve implementation of policies and plans for resource and environmental management, systematic monitoring and evaluation are essential. In this chapter attention is given first to characteristics, opportunities, and limitations with regard to monitoring and evaluation. Then, three kinds of monitoring and evaluation are examined: environmental auditing; state of environment reports; and geomatics, or Geographical Information Systems (GIS)-based, monitoring and assessments. Detailed case studies cover environmental audits of a mine in Alaska and a tourism resort in Greece; state of environment reports in the European Union, Saskatchewan in Canada, and North Carolina in the United States; and GIS-based monitoring and assessment of wetlands in India and hotspots in the Lake Chad basin in Africa. Tung Fung’s guest statement explains how GIS has been used to monitor and evaluate environmental conditions in Hong Kong.

Keywords:   environmental auditing, state of environment reports, GIS-based monitoring, evaluation

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