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Angels of EfficiencyA Media History of Consulting$
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Florian Hoof

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190886363

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190886363.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 19 May 2022

Visual Culture and Consulting

Visual Culture and Consulting

Charting, Simulation, and Calculation Devices

(p.82) 2 Visual Culture and Consulting
Angels of Efficiency

Florian Hoof

, Daniel Fairfax
Oxford University Press

This chapter introduces the concept of visual management and shows how visual charting, simulation devices, and calculation devices were used in business organizations. It describes the installation of planning and charting rooms, centralized spaces in which business data were collated and visualized. With this, different scenarios could be devised, graphically compared, and interpolated into the future. This form of visual management enabled a fast reaction to production disruptions, which needed to be facilitated in planning processes and accounting. Corporate consultants such as Harrington Emerson or Frederick W. Taylor designed and described the fundamental methods of accounting and refined manufacturing norms on the factory floor. Visual aids such as logarithmic slide rules and nomographic machine cards became standard practice in the regulation of machines in factory-floor production routines. Gantt charts facilitated the coordination of interlinked production processes.

Keywords:   nomography, simulation, Frederick W. Taylor, Gantt Charting, visual culture, forecasting, flow charts, graphical methods, data visualization

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