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Reign of Arrows – The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Reign of Arrows: The Rise of the Parthian Empire in the Hellenistic Middle East

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom


From minor nomadic tribe to major world empire, the story of the Parthians’ success in the ancient world is nothing short of remarkable. In their early history, the Parthians benefited from strong leadership, a flexible and accommodating cultural identity, and innovative military characteristics that allowed them to compete against and indeed eventually overcome Greek, Persian, Central Asian, and eventually Roman rivals who were often more powerful. Reign of Arrows provides the first comprehensive study dedicated entirely to early Parthian history within the Hellenistic world prior to contact ... More

Keywords: Parthians, Seleucids, Romans, Middle East, Near East, international relations, ancient warfare, Hellenistic, Bactria, nomads

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2020 Print ISBN-13: 9780190888329
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2020 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190888329.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Nikolaus Leo Overtoom, author
Clinical Assistant Professor in Ancient History, Washington State University