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The Absent DialoguePoliticians, Bureaucrats, and the Military in India$
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Anit Mukherjee

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190905903

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190905903.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 October 2021

Forging the Sword

Forging the Sword

Civil–Military Relations and Military Effectiveness

(p.14) 1 Forging the Sword
The Absent Dialogue

Anit Mukherjee

Oxford University Press

This chapter explains the book’s theoretical underpinnings. It begins by discussing the contrasting views of Samuel Huntington and Eliot Cohen on the preferred role and “balance” of civil–military relations. Next, it examines patterns of democratic civil–military relations to argue that they are shaped largely by three factors—the struggle over military autonomy, the issue of civilian expertise, and institutional design, specifically the manner in which the Ministry of Defence interacts with the services. The next section discusses the concept of military effectiveness as adopted in this book. Drawing inspiration from previous works, it examines five processes associated with effective militaries. These variables, analyzed subsequently in separate chapters, are weapons procurement, jointness, professional military education, officer promotion policies, and defense planning. The chapter then discusses the study of the Indian military and its effectiveness and concludes by describing the analytical framework adopted in the rest of the book.

Keywords:   civil–military relations, Samuel Huntington, Eliot Cohen, objective control, subjective control, unequal dialogue, military effectiveness, Indian military

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