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The Absent DialoguePoliticians, Bureaucrats, and the Military in India$
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Anit Mukherjee

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190905903

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190905903.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 October 2021

The Coordinators

The Coordinators

India’s Unique Approach to Jointness

(p.137) 4 The Coordinators
The Absent Dialogue

Anit Mukherjee

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines jointness—defined as the ability of the three services (army, air force, and navy) to operate together. It is informed by the widely held assumptions that jointness enhances military effectiveness but also requires civilian intervention. It chiefly argues that the single-service approach is still prevalent in India and that there has been an “incomplete transition” to jointness. This is primarily because of a lack of forceful and informed civilian intervention. The absent dialogue perfectly describes civil–military interaction on this issue. While making these claims, the chapter examines jointness in five major wars—the 1962 China war, the 1965 and 1971 India–Pakistan wars, the military intervention in Sri Lanka in the 1980s, and the 1999 Kargil war. It concludes by explaining why civilians have not intervened more forcefully on this issue.

Keywords:   jointness, integration, military effectiveness, civilian intervention, jointness in war, civil–military relations

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