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The Absent DialoguePoliticians, Bureaucrats, and the Military in India$
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Anit Mukherjee

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190905903

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190905903.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 26 October 2021

The Best of Intentions

The Best of Intentions

Defense Planning in India

(p.222) 7 The Best of Intentions
The Absent Dialogue

Anit Mukherjee

Oxford University Press

This chapter examines defense planning in the Indian military. It begins with a conceptual discussion on the role of civilians in defense planning, mainly by examining the experience of other democracies. Next, it describes the history of defense planning in India, focusing on the formulation and implementation of five-year defense plans. There are three main arguments in this chapter. First, effective defense planning requires a close partnership between civilians and the military. Second, defense planning in India is marked by a lack of civilian guidance and institutional discordance, creating friction in civil–military relations. To an extent, this is because of a lack of expertise, on the part of civilians, and an institutional design that creates strong civil–military silos. Third, notwithstanding the above, there have been periodic attempts at reforming defense-planning structures. Progress has been achieved in some sectors, but much remains to be done.

Keywords:   defense planning, five-year plan, civil–military relations, Indian military, force development

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