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The Missing MartyrsWhy Are There So Few Muslim Terrorists?$
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Charles Kurzman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190907976

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190907976.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 04 December 2021

Liberal Islam versus Revolutionary Islamism

Liberal Islam versus Revolutionary Islamism

Chapter:
(p.96) Chapter 4 Liberal Islam versus Revolutionary Islamism
Source:
The Missing Martyrs
Author(s):

Charles Kurzman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190907976.003.0004

Liberal Islamic movements represent a significant challenge for revolutionary Islamists, who loathe them for it. Rooted in 19th century Islamic reformism, liberal ideals such as democracy and peaceful coexistence are more popular among Muslims than theocracy and terrorism, according to survey data, election results, and mass mobilizations over the past generation. The mainstream position in many Muslim communities is a combination of cultural conservatism and political liberalism—apprehensive about many aspects of Western liberalism, but staunchly opposed to revolutionary violence. In many Muslim-majority countries, adherents of liberal Islam find themselves under attack both by Islamist revolutionaries and by authoritarian regimes.

Keywords:   terrorism, Islam, Muslims, extremism, liberal Islam

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