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Cross-Domain Deterrence – Strategy in an Era of Complexity - Oxford Scholarship Online
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Cross-Domain Deterrence: Strategy in an Era of Complexity

Eric Gartzke and Jon R. Lindsay


The complexity of the twenty-first century threat landscape contrasts significantly with the bilateral nuclear bargaining context envisioned by classical deterrence theory. Nuclear and conventional arsenals continue to develop alongside antisatellite programs, autonomous robotics or drones, cyber operations, biotechnology, and other innovations barely imagined in the early nuclear age. The concept of cross-domain deterrence emerged near the end of the George W. Bush administration as policymakers and commanders confronted emerging threats to vital American military systems in space and cybersp ... More

Keywords: national security, military power, deterrence, coercion, strategy, technology, strategic complexity

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2019 Print ISBN-13: 9780190908645
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: July 2019 DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190908645.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Eric Gartzke, author
Professor of Political Science, UC-San Diego

Jon R. Lindsay, author
Assistant Professor of Global Affairs, University of Toronto

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1 Introduction

Jon R. Lindsay and Erik Gartzke

The Concept of Cross-Domain Deterrence

2 Cross-Domain Deterrence in American Foreign Policy

Michael Nacht, Patricia Schuster, and Eva C. Uribe

Strategic Implications of Different Military Domains

6 Antisatellite Weapons and the Growing Instability of Deterrence

Benjamin W. Bahney, Jonathan Pearl, and Michael Markey

Communication and Credibility across Domains

10 Signaling with Secrets

Brendan Rittenhouse Green and Austin G. Long

Interactions across Military and Nonmilitary Domains

12 Asymmetric Advantage

Kelly M. Greenhill

13 Linkage Politics

Joshua R. Itzkowitz Shifrinson

14 Beyond Military Deterrence

Chin-Hao Huang and David C. Kang

15 Conclusion

Jon R. Lindsay and Erik Gartzke