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Being and Motion$
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Thomas Nail

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190908904

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190908904.001.0001

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Ancient Cosmology IV

Ancient Cosmology IV

Plato and Aristotle

(p.276) Chapter 20 Ancient Cosmology IV
Being and Motion

Thomas Nail

Oxford University Press

This chapter argues that after the preceding account of the early Greek philosophers, it is now possible to appreciate the truly incredible but hardly original cosmological synthesis of centrifugal motion and spherology achieved by Plato (with the help of Socrates, who was the contemporary of many early Greek philosophers) and Aristotle. This chapter shows the cosmology of the sphere at work in Plato and Aristotle. In Plato’s work, the single clearest exposition of the kinetics of eternity occurs in his dialogue The Timaeus. Similar accounts are given throughout Plato’s work, but since the focus of The Timaeus is on cosmology, it provides the most robust account.

Keywords:   Plato, Aristotle, centrifugal, sphere, craftsman, center

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