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Being and Motion$
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Thomas Nail

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190908904

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: December 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190908904.001.0001

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Medieval Theology II

Medieval Theology II

Impetus

Chapter:
(p.343) Chapter 25 Medieval Theology II
Source:
Being and Motion
Author(s):

Thomas Nail

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190908904.003.0028

This chapter argues that the second kinetic operation or feature in the ontological description of force is the externalization of motion. Kinetically, the externalization of motion occurs when a flow becomes disjoined or released from a field of circulation. Once such a flow breaks free or bifurcates from the conjunction of a circulatory system, it is then capable of folding itself into a new series of junctions in a new field or connecting to another field elsewhere. When the internal motion of circulation, like that of a rotating sphere, for instance, appears to transfer its motion to another body as a cause, agent, or force, what occurs kinetically is not the transfer of a metaphysical substance, but the continuation of the same movement, circulated differently. This chapter treats this issue historically within the early modern concept of medieval impetus and the clockwork universe.

Keywords:   impetus, force, Isaac Newton, John Philoponus, clockwork universe, automaton

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