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Business and Politics in India$
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Christophe Jaffrelot, Atul Kohli, and Kanta Murali

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190912468

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190912468.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 16 May 2022

Business and State in Odisha’s Extractive Economy

Business and State in Odisha’s Extractive Economy

Chapter:
(p.260) 10 Business and State in Odisha’s Extractive Economy
Source:
Business and Politics in India
Author(s):

Sunila S. Kale

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190912468.003.0010

Among India’s states, Odisha stands as a paradox. Unlike other states with episodes of marked hostility to business, Odisha has had an almost unbroken succession of probusiness governments from independence onward. However, unlike developmental probusiness states that nurtured industry to produce jobs and higher rates of economic growth, economic policies in Odisha have failed to produce either sustained economic growth or a substantial economic transformation. Business-state relations in Odisha instead display “neopatrimonial tendencies”; the government extends support to entrepreneurs with no attendant discipline, and in order to succeed, economic actors access personal connections rather than proceed via institutionalized channels. This chapter surveys Odisha’s neopatrimonial state-business relations over three time periods in Odisha: from independence through the 1960s, 1970s–1980s, and the period from the early 1990s onward.

Keywords:   Odisha, state-business, state-capital, extractive industry, mining, industrialization

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