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Place in Modern Jewish Culture and Society$
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Richard I. Cohen

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190912628

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2018

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190912628.001.0001

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The Orient in Jewish Artistic Creativity

The Orient in Jewish Artistic Creativity

The Case of Maurycy Gottlieb

Chapter:
(p.129) The Orient in Jewish Artistic Creativity
Source:
Place in Modern Jewish Culture and Society
Author(s):

Mirjam Rajner

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190912628.003.0008

This chapter examines the “Oriental” theme and self-Orientalization among Jewish artists such as Samuel Hirszenberg and Leopold Pilichowski. In postcolonial discourse, the Western imagining of the Orient is often understood as being part of a pejorative and politically charged ideology known as Orientalism. More recently, the art-historical approach has revealed that Orientalist art does not only comprise works that reflect a Western or European construction of the “other,” but also the Oriental response to Western culture and modernization. The chapter considers the “Oriental” works of Maurycy Gottlieb as an expression of an emerging alignment of Jewish artists with modernism and universalism. It also discusses the 1873 World Exhibition in Vienna and Gottlieb’s encounter with the Orient before concluding with the argument that the unexpected, imaginative abandonment and self-fashioning by Jewish artists as non-European “others” might be a Jewish version of European Orientalism, which found expression in the art of Gottlieb.

Keywords:   Jewish artists, self-Orientalization, Samuel Hirszenberg, Leopold Pilichowski, Orient, Orientalism, Maurycy Gottlieb, modernism, Vienna World Exhibition

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