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Mobilizing the MarginalizedEthnic Parties without Ethnic Movements$
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Amit Ahuja

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916428

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916428.001.0001

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Dalit Party Performance and Bloc Voting

Dalit Party Performance and Bloc Voting

(p.85) 5 Dalit Party Performance and Bloc Voting
Mobilizing the Marginalized

Amit Ahuja

Oxford University Press

This chapter outlines the electoral performance of Dalit ethnic parties. In non-movement states, Dalit ethnic party vote shares have been higher, and Dalits have won more seats in state assembly and parliamentary elections than Dalit ethnic parties in movement states. The chapter process traces Dalit electoral mobilization by ethnic and multiethnic parties across the two sets of states. It proceeds to show that Dalits’ ethnic party performance is explained by Dalits’ attitudes toward bloc voting and, that importantly, voters’ attitudes vary significantly across movement and non-movement states. Dalits in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra are far less inclined to vote with members of their caste than Dalits in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar.

Keywords:   Dalits, ethnic parties, bloc voting, electoral mobilization, electoral alliances, caste solidarity, Republican Party of India, Bahujan Samaj Party, Lok Janshakti Party, Viduthalai Chiruthaigal Katchi

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