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Mobilizing the MarginalizedEthnic Parties without Ethnic Movements$
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Amit Ahuja

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916428

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: August 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916428.001.0001

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Dalit Social Mobilization and Bloc Voting

Dalit Social Mobilization and Bloc Voting

(p.121) 6 Dalit Social Mobilization and Bloc Voting
Mobilizing the Marginalized

Amit Ahuja

Oxford University Press

The availability of ethnic blocs is a prerequisite for the success of an ethnic party. This chapter illustrates how Dalits’ historical social mobilization weakens bloc voting. Dalit social movements generate mobilizers and mobilization symbols that increase competition for Dalit votes at the locality-level, lower the utility of caste for differentiating among parties, shift the emphasis to material goods over symbolic goods, and split Dalit voters’ party preferences. Non-movement states were denied these electoral effects of Dalit social mobilization and hence preserved the possibility of bloc voting. The chapter concludes by reconsidering some of the explanations for ethnic party success.

Keywords:   Dalits, bloc voting, demand politics, social mobilization entrepreneurs, symbolic politics, framing, party workers, party campaigns, locality-level politics

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