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Public Mental Health$
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William W. Eaton and M. Daniele Fallin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916602.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 June 2021

Adapting to Crisis

Adapting to Crisis

(p.323) 12 Adapting to Crisis
Public Mental Health

Carla L. Storr

Daniel Lakin

Wietse A. Tol

Oxford University Press

Crises are all too common, as each year, billions of people across the globe are exposed to potentially traumatic events. This chapter primarily describes crisis responses from a US-focused perspective grounded in classifications of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM), but the chapter is linked to resources from international settings, because culture and context play an important role in shaping the expression and trajectories of psychological distress. A range of potential reactions to crises and the extent and magnitude of health needs of those exposed to potentially traumatic events is provided. The chapter includes a brief discussion about resilience and some of the factors that either increase or decrease the risk for mental disorders following trauma. It concludes with a selective review of interventions found to be of help both in the immediate aftermath of a potentially traumatic event and in the weeks following.

Keywords:   trauma, disaster, mental health, post-traumatic stress disorder, PTSD, epidemiology

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