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William W. Eaton and M. Daniele Fallin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916602.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 25 June 2021

The Burden of Mental Disorders

The Burden of Mental Disorders

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 The Burden of Mental Disorders
Source:
Public Mental Health
Author(s):

William W. Eaton

O. Joseph Bienvenu

Gerald Nestadt

Heather E. Volk

James C. Anthony

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0002

This chapter describes seventeen important mental disorders and reviews studies of the prevalence of the disorders from around the world, presenting median and interquartile ranges for more than four hundred research studies. The range of prevalences is below 0.5% for eating disorders and schizophrenia, and above 5% for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, major depressive disorder, phobias, personality disorders, and dementia. The chapter discusses methods for judging the disability adjusted life years (DALYs) for the disorders and compares estimates to other diseases considered in the Global Burden of Disease study. Mental and substance use disorders account for more than 160 million of the total DALYs in the world, or about 7% of the total. Major depressive disorder is the leading causes of DALYs among the mental and substance use disorders.

Keywords:   prevalence, severity rating, disability adjusted life year, DALY, burden

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