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William W. Eaton and M. Daniele Fallin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916602.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 14 June 2021

Psychiatric Nosology

Psychiatric Nosology

Approaches to the Characterization of Mental Disorders

Chapter:
(p.33) 2 Psychiatric Nosology
Source:
Public Mental Health
Author(s):

Paul S. Nestadt

Karen E. Seymour

James B. Potash

Paul R. McHugh

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0003

This chapter introduces and compares three prominent systems for the classification of mental illness, recognizing that no one system is ideal for all purposes and that there is a complicated historical context for each. The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders arose in response to a troubling lack of consistent and reliable diagnostic definitions among both mental health researchers and clinicians. The Perspectives of Psychiatry framework represents a comprehensive approach to mental disorders that begins with the understanding that they can stem from combinations of one’s biology, behaviors, temperament, and personal experiences. The Research Domain Criteria framework is of particular value to scientists investigating the biological underpinnings of mental illness, arranging mental phenomenology along neuropsychological dimensions that can be broken down into proposed mechanisms building from genes to physiology to symptoms.

Keywords:   nosology, classification, categorization, framework, identification, measurement, diagnostic and statistical manual, perspectives of psychiatry, research domain criteria

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