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Public Mental Health$
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William W. Eaton and M. Daniele Fallin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916602.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 August 2021

Global Mental Health Issues

Global Mental Health Issues

Culture and Psychopathology

(p.53) 3 Global Mental Health Issues
Public Mental Health

Judith K. Bass

Emily E. Haroz

Norman Sartorius

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews cultural and contextual influences on the presentation and prevalence of mental health problems in low- and middle-income countries. “Culture” is defined as shared norms, beliefs, values, and attitudes, while “context” refers to resource availability and political/social situation. The chapter includes discussion of the local “emic” and universal “etic” approaches to understanding mental health and shows the ways in which cultural and contextual variation influences the understanding, presentation, and treatment of mental and behavioral disorders. Research on understanding the effects of culture on differences in diagnosis and prevalence of mental disorders, as well as processes of recovery, is reviewed as well as guidelines developed by the World Health Organization. The way in which cultural and contextual differences affect choice and implementation of treatment and prevention programs is discussed.

Keywords:   low-and middle-income countries, culture, global, etic, emic, resilience, implementation, World Health Organization

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