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William W. Eaton and M. Daniele Fallin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916602.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 28 October 2021

Assessment of Distress, Disorder, Impairment, and Need in the Population

Assessment of Distress, Disorder, Impairment, and Need in the Population

Chapter:
(p.73) 4 Assessment of Distress, Disorder, Impairment, and Need in the Population
Source:
Public Mental Health
Author(s):

William W. Eaton

Ramin Mojtabai

Elizabeth A. Stuart

Jeannie-Marie Sheppard Leoutsakos

Jaana Myllyluoma

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190916602.003.0005

This chapter reviews the most important devices for assessing the prevalence of mental disorders, as well as assessing levels of distress, impairment, and need. A brief discussion of the history of methods in psychiatric epidemiologic studies of prevalence is included. The assessment devices include those for screening, such as the K-6 scale, the CESD-r, and the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (WHODAS). Also included are assessment instruments designed for use by clinicians, such as the Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnosis (SCID) and Structured Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN). A brief section includes guidance for conducting field surveys of mental disorders in the general population. Methods of evaluating the measurement properties are discussed, and a review of studies of agreement between survey interviewers and clinicians is presented.

Keywords:   reliability, validity, field survey, K-6, CESD-r, DIS, CIDI, WHODAS, SCID, SCAN

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