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William W. Eaton and M. Daniele Fallin

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190916602

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: June 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190916602.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 05 December 2021

Suicide as a Public Health Burden

Suicide as a Public Health Burden

(p.207) 8 Suicide as a Public Health Burden
Public Mental Health

Holly C. Wilcox

Diana Clarke

Adrienne Grzenda

Stephanie G. Smith

William W. Eaton

Oxford University Press

This chapter reviews the burden associated with suicide in the United States and around the world as a leading cause of death. There are many factors associated with higher risk for suicide, and there are a range of conceptual approaches to understanding it, including the sociological perspective, originally proposed by Durkheim in the 19th century and elaborated in many ways since then. American Indians and Alaskan Natives; lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender individuals; middle-aged men and women; and military personnel and veterans have higher than expected rates of suicide. Suicide sometimes occurs in imitation of public figures who take their own life, and the manner of journalistic reporting can affect the size of the imitative response in the population. Future directions for suicide prevention should focus on the need for data linkage and upstream approaches to identify novel predictors, evaluate the effectiveness of prevention techniques, and expand on prevention paradigms.

Keywords:   suicide, burden, Durkheim, imitative suicide, Native American, LGBT, military suicide, veteran, prevention

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