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The Songs of Fanny Hensel$
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Stephen Rodgers

Print publication date: 2021

Print ISBN-13: 9780190919566

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2021

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190919566.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 29 January 2022

Women’s Private Cosmopolitanism in Literary Translation and Song

Women’s Private Cosmopolitanism in Literary Translation and Song

Fanny Hensel’s Drei Lieder nach Heinrich Heine von Mary Alexander

(p.77) 5 Women’s Private Cosmopolitanism in Literary Translation and Song
The Songs of Fanny Hensel

Jennifer Ronyak

Oxford University Press

This chapter considers the ways in which Fanny Hensel’s Drei Lieder nach Heine von Mary Alexander (unpublished, 1830) can be understood as part of cosmopolitan practices among elite women in the nineteenth century. In 1833, Mary Alexander, who wrote letters to Hensel in Berlin using her imperfect German from London, translated poems 1, 4, and 27 from Heinrich Heine’s Die Heimkehr into English. Hensel responded with her own settings of the English-language poems which she composed in Berlin and sent back to Alexander, working in a language she had only recently acquired. Aspects of both Alexander’s engagement with the German language and Hensel’s engagement with English show the ways in which both women intermingled cultures and language in their own textual practices. Hensel’s musical settings of Alexander’s translations show further evidence of an essentially cosmopolitan play between English, Scottish, and German musical and poetic traces.

Keywords:   Fanny Hensel, Mary Alexander, Heinrich Heine, Die Heimkehr, Lied, translation, women, feminism, cosmopolitanism

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