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The Nonviolent Struggle for Indian Freedom, 1905-19$
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David Hardiman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190920678

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190920678.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use.date: 28 May 2022

‘Passive Resistance’ in South Africa, 1906–14

‘Passive Resistance’ in South Africa, 1906–14

(p.79) 2 ‘Passive Resistance’ in South Africa, 1906–14
The Nonviolent Struggle for Indian Freedom, 1905-19

David Hardiman

Oxford University Press

The method of ‘passive resistance’ was taken up and expanded by Gandhi during his years in South Africa. As this provides a critical element of the history, the second chapter focuses on this movement against racial discrimination against Indians, bringing out how it gave rise to Gandhi’s novel notion of ‘satyagraha’ and the production of his well-known manifesto, Hind Swaraj. Initially involving mainly Indian traders, the campaign of ‘passive resistance’ escalated in 2013 into strikes by Indian mineworkers and plantation workers, leading to a significant step-down by the South African government in early 1914. This success saw Gandhi becoming a well-known figure in India. He then left South Africa and settled back in India.

Keywords:   Passive resistance, South African government, Racial discrimination, Hind Swaraj, Gandhi, Indian mineworkers, Plantation workers, Strikes, Satyagraha

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