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The Nonviolent Struggle for Indian Freedom, 1905-19$
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David Hardiman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190920678

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190920678.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 01 December 2021

Building a Nationalist Base in Rural India

Building a Nationalist Base in Rural India

Peasant Struggles in Bijoliya, Champaran and Kheda

Chapter:
(p.109) 3 Building a Nationalist Base in Rural India
Source:
The Nonviolent Struggle for Indian Freedom, 1905-19
Author(s):

David Hardiman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190920678.003.0004

The third chapter shows how the methods that Gandhi developed in South Africa were applied in practice in three movements in rural India that occurred in the second decade of the twentieth century. The chapter starts with a struggle in Bijoliya in princely India that had nothing to do with Gandhi initially. This brings out how such resistance was already being developed in popular local campaigns, showing how in time they linked up with Gandhi and began to apply a more strict and principled form of nonviolence. The other two struggles – in Champaran and Kheda – were led directly by Gandhi. Although the author has written already on the Kheda Satyagraha of 1918 in his1981 book Peasant Nationalists of Gujarat, he treats the topic in a new way here, focusing on its importance in the history of nonviolent struggle.

Keywords:   Bijoliya, Nonviolence, Local campaigns, Champaran, Kheda Satyagraha, Peasant nationalists, Gujarat

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