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The Nonviolent Struggle for Indian Freedom, 1905-19$
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David Hardiman

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190920678

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190920678.001.0001

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Building a Nationalist Base in Rural India

Building a Nationalist Base in Rural India

Peasant Struggles in Bijoliya, Champaran and Kheda

(p.109) 3 Building a Nationalist Base in Rural India
The Nonviolent Struggle for Indian Freedom, 1905-19

David Hardiman

Oxford University Press

The third chapter shows how the methods that Gandhi developed in South Africa were applied in practice in three movements in rural India that occurred in the second decade of the twentieth century. The chapter starts with a struggle in Bijoliya in princely India that had nothing to do with Gandhi initially. This brings out how such resistance was already being developed in popular local campaigns, showing how in time they linked up with Gandhi and began to apply a more strict and principled form of nonviolence. The other two struggles – in Champaran and Kheda – were led directly by Gandhi. Although the author has written already on the Kheda Satyagraha of 1918 in his1981 book Peasant Nationalists of Gujarat, he treats the topic in a new way here, focusing on its importance in the history of nonviolent struggle.

Keywords:   Bijoliya, Nonviolence, Local campaigns, Champaran, Kheda Satyagraha, Peasant nationalists, Gujarat

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