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Debating the SacramentsPrint and Authority in the Early Reformation$
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Amy Nelson Burnett

Print publication date: 2019

Print ISBN-13: 9780190921187

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190921187.001.0001

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Oecolampadius Against the Wittenbergers

Oecolampadius Against the Wittenbergers

(p.139) 7 Oecolampadius Against the Wittenbergers
Debating the Sacraments

Amy Nelson Burnett

Oxford University Press

The Eucharistic controversy entered a new phase at the beginning of 1526 with the publication of several Latin pamphlets attacking Oecolampadius’s position. The most important of these were by Johannes Brenz and Theobald Billican. In his responses to these pamphlets, Oecolampadius developed a number of arguments against Christ’s bodily presence that were shaped by both Aristotelian philosophy and Erasmian hermeneutics and exegesis. He also addressed broader questions concerning the purpose and value of the sacraments. Ludwig Hätzer translated Oecolampadius’s treatises into German, and by the fall of 1526 the debate had shifted to the vernacular. In the process, it became more polemical and the arguments against the sacramentarians were simplified to make them easier for the less literate to understand. Oecolampadius was not merely Ulrich Zwingli’s follower but was instead a major contributor to the debate in his own right.

Keywords:   Johannes Oecolampadius, Johannes Brenz, hermeneutics, exegesis, Ludwig Hätzer, translation

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