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Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in ChinaDomestic and Foreign Policy Dimensions$
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Michael Clarke

Print publication date: 2018

Print ISBN-13: 9780190922610

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: February 2019

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190922610.001.0001

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PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (oxford.universitypressscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. An individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use. date: 27 November 2020

The Narrative of Uyghur Terrorism and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy of Uyghur Militancy

The Narrative of Uyghur Terrorism and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy of Uyghur Militancy

Chapter:
(p.99) 4 The Narrative of Uyghur Terrorism and the Self-Fulfilling Prophecy of Uyghur Militancy
Source:
Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in China
Author(s):

Sean Roberts

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/oso/9780190922610.003.0005

This chapter provides a history of how Uyghur terrorism evolved out of a long-standing conflict between Uyghurs and states based in China through a combination of PRC policies to stifle dissent in Xinjiang and the state’s opportunistic use of the U.S.-led “global war on terrorism”. It critically analyses existing sources on the origins and evolution of two Uyghur militant organizations, the “East Turkestan Islamic Movement” (ETIM) and “Turkestan Islamic Party” (TIP), that China holds responsible for acts of terrorism in Xinjiang and argues that the Chinese government has grossly over-exaggerating the capacity of these groups in order to brand and suppress Uyghur dissent at home. By using the threat of ETIM and TIP to target all religiously inclined Uyghurs as potential terrorists, however, it has enabled a self-fulfilling prophecy of Uyghur radicalization and militancy.

Keywords:   Xinjiang, Uyghur, Militancy, Terrorism, Counter-terrorism, ETIM, TIP

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