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Saving the Nation$
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Thomas H. Reilly

Print publication date: 2020

Print ISBN-13: 9780190929503

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2020

DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780190929503.001.0001

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The YMCA and the Protestant Elite Welcome the Revolution

The YMCA and the Protestant Elite Welcome the Revolution

(p.177) 6 The YMCA and the Protestant Elite Welcome the Revolution
Saving the Nation

Thomas H. Reilly

Oxford University Press

Following World War II, the Chinese began the task of rebuilding their nation. Protestant churches and schools joined these efforts, and Protestant leaders such as Ginling College’s president Wu Yifang represented the Nationalist republic to the world. The wartime alliance between the Chinese Nationalists and the Communists broke down in 1946, and a civil war ensued, ending with a Communist victory in 1949. The YMCA secretary Wu Yaozong took the lead in preparing the churches and the Protestant elite for life under the new regime. Consulting with the Communist leader, Zhou Enlai, Wu published the Christian Manifesto, which was a statement confessing the church’s complicity in Western imperialism and expressing her determination to support the revolution. The Korean War added a sense of urgency to these actions, and a new church structure, the Three-Self Patriotic Movement, was established to better serve the new relationship between state and church.

Keywords:   Leighton Stuart, Wu Yifang, Tian Feng magazine, Civil War, The Christian Manifesto, Zhou Enlai, TSPM, Korean War

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